How to Set Up the Board | Chess

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Hi. My name is Rebecca Taxman and I’m with Chess NYC and I’m going to tell
you, today, how to set up the chess board and understand the chess board.
So to start, there’s a couple things we need to know.

First of all, there is 64 squares on a chess board. This might not seem
like a lot, but let’s put it into perspective. There are more possible
chess positions within these 64 squares, than there are tiny grains of
sands in all the beaches of the world. So, this game is huge. And now, we
need to understand it in simple terms within these 64 squares.

So, first thing we should always notice is that we have two colors. We
have black or dark and we have white or light. Now unlike checkers, we use
all of the squares. Going up and down, we have our file. Each file is
recorded by a different letter. So for example, this is the E file. This
is the D file. And going across, we have our rank. Each rank has a
specific number. This is the fifth rank. This is the sixth rank. It’s,
like, rank and file like in the army.

Then, we have long diagonal. Our longest diagonal is here and here. Each
square on the board has its own name. For example, we use our rank and
file to find our name. This is A1. This square would be B4. If I wanted
to find E6, it would be right here, E6.

Now, we are going to learn how to set up the chess board. So to begin, we
place our rooks in the corner of the board, and we always start with the
white pieces down by the one and two and the black pieces start on seven
and eight. For this tutorial, I’m just going to set up the white pieces.

Our rook starts on A1 and H1. Next to the rook goes the knight. Now, we
never want to call this the horse, the horsey, or the pony. In chess
language, this is the knight and the knight starts on G1 and B1. Next to
the knight, we have the bishop. The bishop is considered, like, the king’s
messenger and the bishop starts on C1 and F1. And then, we have the king
and queen.

Now, we have these two center squares. How do we know which one goes
where? Very simple; the queen always goes on her own color. So since this
is a light colored queen, she goes on the light square of D1 and the king,
her partner, goes right next to her on E1.

Then, very simply, we just place our pawns as a little gate in front of our
pieces. So, there’s the basics of how to understand and set up the chess


  1. As everyone is mentioning what are they called in there language here's mine (Hindi)
    In chess (or the chaturanga the original name of chess)
    Rook: Hathi (Elephant)
    Kinght: Ghoda (Horse)
    Bishop: Uth (Camel)
    Queen: Wazir/senapti (Commander in general)
    King: Rani (Queen)

    Now here's the confusing part, in some languages there's no such piece called English name King(the main piece) but Rani (which translates to Queen) which in English its called King, we have to manage to do checkmate, so if Rani is trapped the game is over.
    While in contradiction Some people call English name King as Raja (King) and English name Queen as Rani (Queen). I follow the 1st one so I always get confused while translating moves in english

  2. I just got a class about chess and I didn't knew anything about it but now I only know how pawn kinda works but all the others(queen, king, Brook? And some other) I still don't know

  3. Great video explained alot quickly. I appreciate that

  4. On a glass chessboard which is consider light and dark the see through? or the frosted color?

  5. such a nice chess set, can i please get the link to that exact board?

  6. ❤❤❤❤❤❤❤j❤wewwwww❤❤❤❤❤❤❤❤❤❤❤❤❤❤❤❤awwwwwwwwwwwwwwwweeeeeewwwwwwww😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😅😅😅😅😅😅😮😮😮😢😢😊😊😅😮te❤😂 g h

  7. I just started playing with my son. Thank you for helping me know how to set up the board!

  8. Behind The Scenes Media LLC with Miguel G Moseler says:


  9. I ask Google search how can a pawn take out a queen and immediately they brought me to your video and immediately I remembered the pain can go all the way across the board if it makes it across the board to the last space on the opposite side of the board

  10. Two nerds at UPS say position of squares don't matter ,they should be reported to MENSA.

  11. After you do one side, you have to copy the same thing on the other side and make sure all pieces are in the same squares as the other sides squares

  12. I wanted to play chess so I decided to learn from you

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